The current human development context is characterized by domestic and foreign threats of all kind, by the objective limits on research and collective wellness exclusively through financial, material and technical support projects to communities at the base. The largest organizations promoting human rights and solidarity in order to contribute to the emergence of new conditions on sustainable socio-economic development based on the sovereign functions state, in line with its international commitments, were organized to create a framework of dialogue and convergence of actions called Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Platform of Mali.
II. Why the Malian ESC Rights Platform ?
At the institutional level, Mali is among the countries that have ratified almost all the instruments of the United Nations and the African Union. In addition, the Mali’s constitution of February 1992 sets out that the State: "subscribes to the Declaration of Human Rights of 10th December 1948 and to the African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples of June 27th 1981” Mali signed and ratified the International Covenant on the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1966 and in 1974. From its entry into force in 1976 to December 2009, Mali has yet to present its initial report and there is a deficit in terms of harmonization, which may undermine the achievement and protection of the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. These international instruments are comprised of references on Human Right, the Malian government pledges, through ratification, to respect and to comply with the universal principles of Human Rights which are set.
In addition, the recent socio-political evolution of Mali characterized by a pluralistic democracy advent is being achieved in a disruption context of social, traditional, systemic and structural practices that are not always compatible with the capacities of the populations that are claiming more and more of their role as citizens. Moreover,, the State whose means are precarious is always put forward when it comes to implementing and protecting the Economic, Social and Cultural rights.
This necessarily leads to new types of relationships between populations claiming to be part of the civil society and the State continues to be the guarantor of the country’s global development . The plethora of international conventions ratified by the State is not followed by a practical application, hence the disenchantment of citizens who do not always have the answers corresponding to their legitimate aspirations to better their country.
III.Activities of the Malian ESC Rights Platform
- Promoting and protecting ESC Rights all over Mali as a fair and efficient Social Economic, Cultural Development approach, that fights against poverty
- Supporting the implementation of the ICESCR in Mali, the development of relevant official and alternative reports and monitoring recommendations made by the United Nations ESC Committee reports submitted by Mali
- Creating a dynamic training through exchange at national, continental and international levels to better understand the Social Economic and Cultural challenges in time and initiate concerted actions able to stop them definitely.
- Developing activities and capacity building (is generally used to.) tools of its members and their socio- professional actors for their full participation in full knowledge of causes and effects in designing policies, strategies, plans and programs of socio-economic and cultural development Rights in Mali
- Creating a national information space of reflection partnership and cooperation, capitalizing and disseminating the best experiences of members in Promoting and Protecting the ESC Rights and the knowledge emerging from the local communities as far as the requirements and advocacy are concerned.
- Initiating advocacy and lobbying campaigns for effective implementation of all human rights for everyone and everywhere in Mali.
IV. Strategies of intervention
Customized information and training of members on:
- International instruments ratified by Mali as well as those which ratification is desirable for the social progress of the country.
- The process of enforceability and justifiability of human rights.
- The editing and production techniques to produce advocacy and lobbying campaigns for the observance of the International Covenant on ESC Rights through their full and regular production of related reports
- The process of preparing alternative reports on ESC Rights and monitoring the recommendations of the United Nations’ Economic and Social Committee.
- Meetings and information with national and local officials The intervention of research teams depending on competencies, synergies and experiences in the promotion and protection of Human Rights, the international cooperation, the social, economic, and cultural development policies.
- Capitalization and publication experience
- Reporting of violations cases
- Evaluate all actions taken.
The Malian ESC Rights Platform currently counts forty-six (46) member organizations of civil society including seven (7) at the head on human rights in the field.
- General Assembly
- The core on policy orientation
- A National Focal Point
- The Thematic Research Groups
- The Regional Focal Points
VII.Membership in the malian ESC Platform
Membership to the malian ESC Platform , NGOs, Associations, Unions and other organized networks of civil society working to promote, to protect and to defend the Human Rights as well as the Promotion of Solidarity. The malian ESC Platform has partners in the South and North with:
- Associations for the Defence of Human Rights
- International solidarity Associations
- Research – action networks.
- Other platforms on Human Rights. The ESC Platform Mali is open to collaboration with multiple stakeholders.
VIII.Achieved from the Malin ESC Platform
The State implemented the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights in Mali. Animated international round table conferences on the alternative report of the civil society on ESC Rights Animated several conferences - thematic debates on ESC Rights. Conducted public conferences, press briefings and a national campaign for the signing and ratification of the optional Protocol.
“The world is a dangerous place to live, not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don’t do anything about it."
Plate-Forme DESC du Mali
Récépissé N°0017 MATCL-DNI du 29/01/08
Hamdallaye, 42 porte 232 - BP.2744,
Tél. + 223 20 29 59 10
Translated by Kate Mugo